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The Escobal mine is located in southeast Guatemala, approximately 40 km east-southeast of Guatemala City. The deposit is an intermediate-sulfidation silver-gold-lead-zinc vein deposit hosted in Tertiary andesite and volcaniclastic sedimentary rocks. Continuous precious- and base-metal mineralization extends over wide (10m to locally 50m) zones defined over 2,400m laterally and 1,200m vertically. As of January 1, 2016, Measured and Indicated mineral resources for the Escobal deposit totaled 389 million silver ounces at an average grade of 332 grams per tonne (g/t), with significant quantities of lead, zinc and gold. Proven & Probable Reserves are 29.1 million tonnes at an average grade of 332 g/t silver, containing 310.4 million ounces of silver.
Tahoe is mining the Escobal deposit by underground longhole stoping methods with processing by differential flotation to produce precious metal-rich lead and zinc concentrates. In 2015, the Escobal mine produced a record 20.4 million ounces of silver in concentrate. The mine is currently operating at the expanded design rate of 4,500 tonnes per day (tpd).
Escobal is approximately 3 km from San Rafael las Flores, a town of approximately 3,000 people and approximately 70 km southeast of Guatemala City by paved road. Access to the area also is possible from the northeast on a paved highway via the town of Mataquescuintla. The local climate consists of two major seasons; a rainy season between May and November and a dry season between November and May. Mining activities are expected to be conducted year-round.
The project area lies within mountainous terrain interspersed with rolling hills and valleys. Elevations range from 1,300 m in the valley on the west end of the Escobal Vein to 1,800 m in the drilled east extension. The high mountain range of Montaña Soledad Grande north and east of Escobal rises to an elevation of 2,600 m.
Vegetation is characterized by natural mountain forest species that consist of oak, pine and cypress varieties and lower strata scrub brush species. Agricultural products in the area include corn and beans for local consumption and commercial production of onions, tomatoes and coffee.